2021 was the deadliest on record for transgender people, according to a statement released by the LGBT rights group Human Rights Campaign (HRC).
Forty-seven transgender and gender nonconforming people have been shot or died by violent means, according to the group. The HRC has recorded violence against the transgender community since 2013.
In 2020, the group recorded 44 deaths of transgender or gender nonconforming people.
Many deaths have occurred within the black transgender community, especially among black transgender women, according to the HRC report.
According to NBC News, a disproportionate percentage of deadly violence against transgender people has been recorded in the southeastern region of the United States, as many southern states increasingly have legislation in place targeting transgender youth.
Several states have introduced or passed legislation that would prevent transgender girls from participating in sports teams that match their gender identity. Additionally, some states have passed legislation that would ban the use of gender-affirming treatments for transgender youth, such as puberty blockers.
Brendan Lantz, assistant professor of criminology and criminal justice at Florida State University, told NBC News that deadly violence against the transgender community also has a lower approval rate for arrests or case-related prosecutions.
The elimination rate of deadly anti-trans violence is estimated to be around 44%, while the national average is between 60% and 70% according to data compiled by Lantz.
“Witnesses are less likely to come forward and there are a lot of issues involved,” he said, according to NBC News.